How to Stop Bleeding?

When we get cut, we lose blood before the wound closes. Usually, it’s nothing to worry about. However, some injuries are more dangerous than others. When we see blood, the first question we ask ourselves is, how to stop bleeding? Stopping bleeding requires pressure on the wound, adequate sterilization, and gentle cleaning. As you stabilize the wound, see if the bleeding is slowing down. If the bleeding continues, then this wound needs hospitalization. We'll discuss how to stop bleeding and what tools you need. We’ll also show you the signs of dangerous and infected wounds, so stick around.

What Tools Do You Need To Stop The Bleeding?

Any household should have a first aid kit to handle emergencies. These kits contain various items for multiple situations. However, you only need the following items to handle bleeding:

Sterile Gloves

When handling a wound, it’s necessary to prevent it from getting infected. Your hands aren’t clean enough to contact blood without transferring bacteria to it. Use sterile gloves before handling a bleeding wound to avoid complications.

Alcohol

Alcohol above 60% concentration is highly effective in killing bacteria within seconds. Clean the wound and the surrounding skin with alcohol before touching it.

Hemostatic Gauze

A hemostatic gauze or dressing is different from regular gauze. It consists of a smectite mineral and a superabsorbent polyacrylic polymer. This composition allows the gauze to absorb around 200 times its weight in fluids.

Bandages

Bandages are essential to keep the wound covered. You could also tighten them enough to apply extra pressure on the wound.

Tourniquet

In most cases, you don't need a tourniquet to control a bleeding wound. But if the bleeding is excessive, you could tie a tourniquet to reduce the amount of blood reaching the wound.

How to Stop Bleeding From a Small Cut

Small, superficial cuts often stop bleeding on their own without intervention. However, it’s also not uncommon for a small cut to cause more complications than anticipated. Learning how to correctly handle a small cut could save you a lot of trouble in the long run.
Apply Pressure
The first step in controlling bleeding is applying pressure on the wound. Compressing the wound prevents blood from escaping outside the body. It also encourages the formation of the blood clot that slows down bleeding. Before applying your gauze to the wound, wear your sterile gloves and clean the wound with alcohol.
Elevate the Limb
If the cut is in your hands or legs, lay down and elevate that limb over your body level. Raising the limb above your body uses gravity to reduce the amount of blood reaching that limb. Let’s try a demonstration: try to raise one of your hands above your head for 30 seconds. Place both hands next to each other. You’ll notice how the hand you held over your head looks paler.
Don’t Remove the Gauze
If your gauze gets soaked with blood, don’t remove it and place another one. This will disturb the blood clot that your body is trying to form. Instead, add more gauze to the original one.
Tourniquet (Optional)
Using tourniquets isn’t recommended for smaller wounds because they reduce the blood circulation in the limb. They should only be used if there’s no control over the blood spurt.
Clean the Wound
Once the bleeding stops, it’s important to clean the wound with soap and water to prevent infection. Be gentle as you clean the wound to avoid opening the wound once more.
Apply a Bandage
Don’t ignore bandaging the wound. Even if the bleeding has stopped, leaving a wound uncovered could cause dryness of the cells. Wounds need moisture to heal properly. Covering even small wounds with bandages could help them heal without leaving a mark.

How to Handle a Dangerous Cut

Large cuts differ from tiny cuts, but there's also a difference between superficial and deep cuts. Mostly, you don’t need to worry too much if the wound is superficial, even if it’s a little big. However, deep cuts, even from small wounds, are often more dangerous. It’s important to recognize when a wound needs more than your average home care. Look for these signs:
  • Applying pressure on the wound doesn’t seem to reduce the blood loss
  • The blood is soaking through your gauzes
  • There’s a spurt of blood that’s not slowing down
  • The wound itself is near a vital area like the neck, chest, or abdomen
One or more of these signs should be a red flag for you. These wounds need hospitalization and adequate professional care. In other scenarios, some normal wounds may get infected by bacteria. It’s important to know how to recognize and handle those.

How to Recognize an Infected Wound

An infected wound is a common complication for wounds, especially if they weren’t handled correctly or went unnoticed. Infected wounds heal slower, hurt more, and could leave a scar after they regenerate. However, if you recognize an infected wound, you could do a few things to ease down the symptoms. An infected wound shows these signs:
  • Pain increases with time
  • Swelling
  • Excessive crust formation
  • Oozing of a yellowish liquid known as pus
  • High fever in extreme cases
If you notice one or more of these signs, the wound has likely gotten infected by bacteria. You’ll need antibiotics to help with the condition. Note that antibiotics could have several side effects, and their reactions could be unpredictable. Note also that you avoid antibiotics unless a healthcare professional checks the wound and prescribes them.

Conclusion

You should know how to stop bleeding from normal wounds. You should also know when a cut is dangerous and requires medical attention. Reducing blood loss as much as possible could save a life until professional care arrives. Also, recognizing an infected wound and dealing with it will make the healing a lot more comfortable. Hopefully, with the aid of the information shared in this post, you’ll be able to distinguish a small, superficial wound from a deep, dangerous wound, as well as stop the cut’s bleeding as much as possible.